CBD, or cannabidiol, is a non-intoxicating compound found in hemp and marijuana, which comprise the cannabis family. CBD is continuing to grow in popularity as a way to manage stress, anxiety, pain, and a myriad of other symptoms.
We typically associate marijuana with getting stoned, but CBD can be extracted from the hemp plant to make products that come without the high. The molecule in marijuana that gets us high is called THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), and nowadays, you can turn to hemp-derived CBD products with little to no THC for clear-headed symptom relief. All of Clearmind's products are derived from 100% organic hemp grown in Colorado farms.
It’s not just CBD either. Hemp produces a vast array of potentially therapeutic compounds called cannabinoids. We are currently able to isolate 113 different cannabinoids. We’re slowly getting to know them and their beneficial effects. So far, the sheer number and variety of ailments CBD is being utilized for is quite impressive. As time grows, we will learn which mixture of cannabinoids works best for each person. Products like our 'Full Spectrum' hemp oil are made from the whole plant. This ensures all the cannabinoids are captured in the outcome so that the whole range of the plant's benefits are available to you. Read more about 'Full Spectrum' further below.
CBD oil is derived from hemp plants that have high levels of cannabidiol (CBD) and low levels of THC. At Clearmind, our CBD oils always have less than 0.3% THC. CBD content of CBD oil can vary tremendously across different vendors due to the varying quality of hemp that's used, as well as varying preparation and extraction techniques. Clearmind produces some of the market's finest quality CBD oil, supercritical CO2 extracted from healthy, organic, CBD-rich hemp plants grown in select Colorado farms.
Each of our bodies has a set of receptors that interacts with compounds called cannabinoids, like CBD. These receptors, found throughout the body, comprise the endocannabinoid system (ECS), a complex signaling system that ensures our bodies maintain homeostasis. An example of homeostasis is your controlling body temperature.
Put another way, the endocannabinoid system keeps us in balance by directing the communication traffic in our bodies. Cannabinoids such as CBD interact with this system, mimicking the natural endocannabinoid compounds produced by the body. CBD does not fit into these receptors, but rather blocks harmful compounds from entering them or helps guide helpful compounds into the receptors.
Interestingly, CBD affects activity beyond the endocannabinoid system and can also interact with opioid, dopamine, and serotonin receptors. The ability of CBD to interact with so many different systems throughout the body suggests it has enormous potential to assist us in fields such as psychiatry and medicine.
Full Spectrum refers to an oil or product which contains all the cannabinoids that are naturally occurring in the cannabis plant. Cannabis, with its complex chemical structure, contains over 100 active cannabinoids aside from CBD. These other cannabinoids have been found to have symptom alleviating qualities as well. Cannabis also contains terpenes, which are regarded as increasing the efficacy of these cannabinoids.
When present together, CBD and all other essential cannabinoids, as well as terpenes, produce the phenomenon known as "The Entourage Effect", which refers to the increased effectiveness due to all cannabinoids working synergistically. The symbiotic relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes has been shown to increase the healing properties of each.
Clearmind Full Spectrum Hemp Oil is supercritical CO2 extracted from the whole plant and contains lab-certified levels of THC under the 0.3% legal limit. We also add CBD Isolate for strength and efficacy.
No! CBD derived from hemp is non-psychoactive, meaning it doesn’t negatively impact your mind or mental processes. In other words, CBD does not get you ‘high’. There is no mental fog or haziness caused by CBD.
Many people associate the term “cannabis” with marijuana plants that are bred for high THC content.
Cannabis, however, is a complex plant family that contains many other cannabinoids without psychoactive properties like CBD. The hemp plant is bred for high CBD content exclusively – and only contains trace amounts of THC (below 0.3% to be exact, according to federal regulations). The combination of high CBD content and extremely low levels of THC is what makes the products derived from hemp plants non-psychoactive.
To reiterate, the cannabis plant family contains multiple cannabinoids, however, only THC provides the traditional high associated with cannabis. Marijuana plants provide high THC concentrations, while hemp produces high levels of CBD. CBD, the second most prevalent cannabinoid, is non-psychoactive and doesn’t induce any ‘high” at all.
Hemp and marijuana are both from the plant species cannabis. They contain a different genetic makeup however that makes them a “different version” of the same plant.
In early history, cannabis was cultivated to make food, oils, and fibers such as rope and fabric. Throughout the years, these plants were bred with other plants with similar characteristics, resulting in what we now refer to as hemp.
Then there were other similar plants that were recognized for their psychoactive properties. These plants were used mainly for medical and spiritual or religious purposes, manipulated and bred throughout time to come to what we now refer to as marijuana.
Same plant. Different genetics. One gets you high. One is used for fuel and fiber.
One of the biggest factors that separate hemp from marijuana is the amount of THC the plant contains.
Where marijuana typically contains copious amounts of THC (5-20% on average), hemp contains almost none. That magic number of 0.3% THC is a general guideline as to what constitutes a plant as hemp.
How It’s Grown
There is a huge difference in the way hemp and marijuana are grown. Yes, both fall under the species of Cannabis, but the way they are grown and the end result come harvest are worlds apart.
Marijuana is grown to produce flower, which are those beautiful, sticky buds that are famous for getting you high. Female plants are preferred, as they are the species that produces these flowers laden with THC. Marijuana is grown indoors and out, always with the goal of producing budding flowers for recreational or medical consumption.
Hemp, on the other hand, is typically male and doesn’t produce any flowers during the life cycle of the plant. It is most often grown outdoors in large fields where it grows basically like a weed. With hemp, it’s all about large yields where tall, rapidly growing plants are harvested for their fiber, not their flower.
Scientifically, industrial hemp and marijuana are the same plant, with a genus and species name of Cannabis Sativa, but they are completely different in function, cultivation and application.
Hemp refers to the variety that has been bred specifically to produce oils, lotions, fiber used in clothing and other materials, as well as seeds and other foods. Hemp contains very low levels of the psychoactive compound THC.
Marijuana is the variety of cannabis that has been bred specifically for its medical or psychoactive effects. Where hemp is used for fuel and fiber, marijuana is used to get you high.
Marijuana generally has low levels of CBD and a high level of THC and is used for medicinal or recreational purposes Hemp, on the other hand, naturally has higher amounts of CBD and only trace amounts of THC. Just like oranges and lemons are both citrus, hemp and marijuana are both cannabis, but look different and have a different chemical makeup. Typically, industrial hemp is very fibrous with long strong stalks and few flowering buds. Marijuana plants are typically smaller, bushier, and full of flowering buds. However, newer industrial hemp varieties in the USA are being bred to have more flowers and higher yields of cannabinoids and terpenes. Historically, hemp has been used to make food products, fiber, rope, paper, bricks, oil, natural plastic, and so much more. Fortunately, the cannabinoid profile of hemp is ideal for people looking for benefits from cannabis without the ‘high.’ The term “cannabis oil” can refer to either a marijuana or hemp-derived oil, since marijuana and hemp are two different forms of cannabis. All Clearmind CBD oils are derived from quality, industrial grade, organic hemp.
Terpenes are the natural compounds found in hemp plants that are responsible for the plant’s color, smell, and flavor. Using the right extraction process, terpenes combine with CBD and all other essential cannabinoids to take advantage of the ‘entourage effect,’ a synergy of multiple natural compounds that let humans process CBD in a more natural way. This phenomenon of cascading cannabinoids and terpenes can cause minor and often seemingly inactive molecules to potentiate the effects of the plant as a whole.
There are over 100 different terpenes in the cannabis plant, and every strain tends toward a unique terpene type and composition. Each individual terpene promotes its own set of unique effects. Some promote relaxation and stress-relief, while others enhance focus and acuity. Terpenes can impart a vast array of therapeutic effects when combined with cannabinoids extracted from the whole hemp plant. While not talked about as extensively as CBD in most circles, terpenes play a vital role in assisting cannabinoids as all compounds work together to promote a healthy balance in our bodies.
Supercritical CO2 Extraction – How Does it Work?
Supercritical fluid extract (SFE) uses supercritical fluid – in this case carbon dioxide – to obtain pure plant extracts without the use of hazardous chemicals and solvents that could contaminate the final product. SFE allows for the highest purity also because it won’t extract any unwanted ingredients and impurities; as there is no need to purify the product, the whole extraction process is significantly shortened. CO2 extraction is an example of green chemistry because it is a clean and safe process with no negative impact on the environment.
During extraction, the CO2 solvent is contained in the system and recaptured at the end of the process. This ensures the CO2 never comes into contact with external elements.
Sometimes referred to as the fourth state of matter, the supercritical state is the state of the substance in which the temperature and pressure have exceeded the critical point (different for every substances) in which the physical properties of a substance such as density, diffusion coefficient, electrical permeability, viscosity etc. are altered; the distinction between gas and liquid blurs. For carbon dioxide, the process of supercritical transition occurs at relatively low temperatures, such that won’t affect the structure of plant components, which is a common issue with higher temperature extractions.
The extraction agent in the supercritical CO2 extraction process is carbon dioxide compressed under high pressure. As the process finishes, the gaseous element discharges to atmosphere, leaving no trace and with no need for additional removal (although it can be also easily collected and re-used). In addition, the process takes place without air access, so the ingredients collected are not subject to oxidation. The plant extracts obtained by this method are microbiologically sterile, while preserving the full spectrum of natural ingredients. It is now the most modern and effective method of obtaining polyunsaturated oils and flavonoids.